How to Implement Custom Hooks in React Applications

Muhaymin Bin Mehmood

Muhaymin Bin Mehmood

· 5 min read
How to Implement Custom Hooks in React Applications Banner Image
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In React development, custom hooks empower you to extract reusable functionalities, promoting code organization, maintainability, and reducing redundancy. This article delves into the concept of custom hooks, their benefits, creation process, and explores intricate examples to solidify your understanding.

Understanding Custom Hooks

  • Function-Based Reusability: Custom hooks are essentially functions that encapsulate stateful logic, side effects, and computations that can be reused across various components in your React application. They adhere to the convention of starting their names with use (e.g., useFetch, useForm).
  • Isolation and State Management: Each invocation of a custom hook operates in isolation. The state and effects managed within a hook are unique to the component using it. This segregation prevents unintended side effects and simplifies reasoning about component behavior.

Benefits of Custom Hooks

  • Improved Code Organization: By extracting common logic into custom hooks, your component code becomes more concise, readable, and easier to maintain.
  • Reduced Redundancy: Eliminate the need to duplicate identical logic in multiple components.
  • Enhanced Reusability: Share well-defined functionalities across your application, promoting a modular architecture.
  • Clearer Separation of Concerns: Separate data fetching, form handling, subscriptions, and other complex logic from your presentational components.

Creating Custom Hooks

  1. Extract Reusable Logic: Identify a block of code containing stateful logic or side effects that's used in multiple components.
  2. Create a New Function: Encapsulate the extracted logic within a new function named with the use prefix (e.g., useFetchData).
  3. Utilize React Hooks: Employ built-in hooks like useState and useEffect within your custom hook to manage state and side effects.
  4. Return Values: Return the necessary data, such as state variables or functions, from your custom hook to make them accessible to the component using it.

Complex Examples with Explanations

Example 1: useFetchData Hook for Data Fetching

import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

function useFetchData(url) {
  const [data, setData] = useState(null);
  const [error, setError] = useState(null);
  const [isLoading, setIsLoading] = useState(false);

  useEffect(() => {
    const fetchData = async () => {
      try {
        const response = await fetch(url);
        const fetchedData = await response.json();
      } catch (error) {
      } finally {

  }, [url]); // Dependency array ensures refetching on URL change

  return { data, error, isLoading };

export default useFetchData;


  • This useFetchData hook encapsulates logic for fetching data from a provided URL.
  • It manages the following state variables:
    • data: Stores the fetched data (initially null).
    • error: Holds any errors encountered during fetching (initially null).
    • isLoading: Indicates whether the data is being fetched (initially false).
  • The useEffect hook triggers the data fetching process on initial render and whenever the url dependency changes.
  • The asynchronous fetchData function handles the fetch operation, updating data, error, and isLoading accordingly.

Using the useFetchData Hook:

import React from 'react';
import useFetchData from './useFetchData';

function MyComponent() {
  const { data, error, isLoading } = useFetchData('');

  if (isLoading) {
    return <p>Loading data...</p>;

  if (error) {
    return <p>Error fetching data: {error.message}</p>;

  return (
      <h1>Fetched Data</h1>
      <pre>{JSON.stringify(data, null, 2)}</pre>


  • The MyComponent imports and uses the useFetchData hook, passing the data URL as an argument.
  • It displays a loading message while data is being fetched, an error message if fetching fails, and the fetched data in a formatted manner once successful.

Example 2: useForm Hook for Form Handling

import { useState } from 'react';

function useForm(initialValues = {}) {
  const [values, setValues] = useState(initialValues);

  const handleChange = (event) => {

  return { values, handleChange };

export default useForm;


  • This useForm hook simplifies form management within a component.
  • It accepts an optional initialValues object to define the initial state of the form fields.
  • It utilizes the useState hook to manage the form's values (values) as an object.
  • The handleChange function is a form field change handler, updating the values state using the spread operator (...values) to preserve existing values while modifying the targeted field.

Using the useForm Hook:

import React from 'react';
import useForm from './useForm';

function MyFormComponent() {
  const { values, handleChange } = useForm({ name: '', email: '' });

  const handleSubmit = (event) => {
    // Form submission logic here, using the `values` object

  return (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
        <input type="text" name="name" value={} onChange={handleChange} />
        <input type="email" name="email" value={} onChange={handleChange} />
      <button type="submit">Submit</button>


  • The MyFormComponent imports and utilizes the useForm hook.
  • It receives the values object (containing form field values) and the handleChange function from the hook.
  • The form leverages these to manage input values and updates.

Additional Considerations:

  • Custom hooks can leverage other built-in React hooks like useContext or even integrate with third-party libraries to manage complex interactions.
  • Remember to test your custom hooks thoroughly to ensure they function as expected across different scenarios.

By effectively employing custom hooks, you can streamline your React development process, create more maintainable codebases, and promote better component reusability.

Muhaymin Bin Mehmood

About Muhaymin Bin Mehmood

I am a Front-End Developer specializing in Frontend at

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